In the protected zone is valid the 4th degree of the 5-degrees protection scale. The whole length of The Lisková Cave is 3706 m - the 11th longest cave in Slovakia.

There were found a lot of archaeological findings in The Lisková Cave. Here took place the first speleo-archaeological survey in the former Hungaria in the second half of the 19th century. In few last years the survey has been continuing - the evidence of it is the valuable finding from the year 1997. V. Struhár found a completely well preserved burial-ground, which is the only evidence of the Low Eneolitic settlement in central part of the Northern Slovakia. One of the most important finding is the unique finding of the copper bull from the 4. millenium B.C. It is the oldest metallic statue of the domestificated animal. In this locality were also found a few copper earrings and ceramics.

History of the archaeological survey:

The cave was known already by M. Bel (1736). In the end of the 19th century were found a lot of findings - especially human bones. After the amateur excavations of K. Krczméry (1871) and B. Majláth (1874) surveyed the cave L. Lóczy who measured the cave and described all archaeological findings. 

Liskovská jaskyňa bola vyhlásená za chránený prírodný výtvor úpravou Ministerstva Kultúry SR č. 7453/ 976 zo dňa 30.10.1976.

Celková výmera ochranného pásma, zemského povrchu nad jaskynov bola stanovená na 18,07 ha na pozemkoch vo vlastníctve urbariátu obce Lisková. Zákonom Národnej Rady SR č.287/ 1994 zbierky zákonov o ochrane prírody a krajiny, došlo prekaterigorizovaniu chráneného prírodného výtvoru na prírodnú pamiatku. Vyhláškou Ministerstva Životného prostredia SR č. 393/ 96 zbierky zákonov ktorou sa zverejnil zoznam prírodných pamiatok a jaskyňa bola vyhlásená za Národnú prírodnú pamiatku. Ochranné pásmo ostalo nezmenené

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